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 Nanotechnologies
Nanotechnologies and genetic engineering – forward, but carefully and for the mankind!
Commission of the European Union (EU) has set a goal in its statement Towards a European Strategy for Nanotechnology of 12 May 2004 – to cement the EU leading role in experimental developments and innovations, related to nanotechnologies, deciding at the same time all issues related to the environment protection, security and public health.

Nanotechnologies are controlled production of new materials, structures and equipment at molecular level (1 – 100 nanometers (nm)) (www.sustainpack.com/nanotechnology.html). 
 
 
 
 
 
Nano designates the billionth part of a number (10-9). Having reached such sizes, materials begin showing different physical, chemical and biological properties. Thus, nanotechnologies allow changing basic properties of materials without changing their chemical composition (http://www.nanotec.org.uk/finalReport.htm).

One of the most interesting materials is carbon. Carbon nanotubes are structures of cylindrical shape, formed by carbon atoms. 
 
 Carbon atoms are interconnected like in one atom thick hexagonal graphite plane, but these planes are `coiled up` in tiny pipes (http://lv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oglek%C4%BCa_nanocaurul%C4%ABtes).

Researches allowed creating carbon-copper-polymer films, after connecting electric current to which, they start radiating not only heat rays, but also long infrared rays, which in turn make water molecules in surrounding objects swinging, creating warmth feeling.
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